Gateways NewsBlog Feed

Managing Transitions: Strategies for Enhanced Learning Environments

By Dana Keil, Director, Room on the Bench: A Project of Luria Academy of Brooklyn
April 9, 2019

Students who present challenging behaviors can struggle when they have little structure. Often, these moments occur during transitions from one place or activity to another, such as entering from recess, shifting from tefillah to reading, or leaving the classroom for a special activity. To some students, this lack of structure can feel hectic, and as a result, they may exhibit unwanted or even dangerous behaviors to fill the void, such as shouting, Children playing outsiderunning, aggression towards peers or climbing on furniture. Teachers from preschool through high school become frustrated when these transitions become overwhelming, and lament about how much class time is wasted with seemingly simple tasks like putting Tanachim back on the shelf or filing away math packets. 

Based on an article from the Council of Exceptional Children, here are some tips and tools for teachers and support personnel to add structure to transition times:

1.       Prepare Yourself

Before educators can help students, they need to visualize for themselves how they envision the transition. Ask yourself questions like, “What are my expectations?” (For example, “I want the green group to go from the rug to their desks within two minutes.”) and “What should the transition look like?” (Should students walk? May they talk? Where should they sit?) Having answers to these questions will better help teachers to communicate expectations. 

Additionally, educators need to decide, “What’s the shtick?” In other words, “How do students know when the transition starts or stops?” For instance, a teacher saying, “If you can hear my voice clap once…”, dinging a bell, or turning off the lights can all be used to communicate that a transition is starting, while using a specific intonation to say, “Good afternoon!” can be a cue for students that the transition is over and the next lesson is beginning. If a specific student needs his or her own cue, communicating with a post-it note, PECS (picture exchange communication system), or “secret” signal can be effective.

2.       Be Transparent about Routines

Once educators have a clear idea of what the transition should look like, they should teach these expectations to students explicitly. Educators should not assume that students will walk instead of run, unless they communicate that expectation. When educators teach correct examples and show what incorrect examples look like, they create bounds for student behavior to function within. They are communicating verbally and with their body language what is acceptable, and what is not. While this may run the risk of seeming patronizing to older students, teachers should not avoid this critical step and can instead look for ways to make it more fun or humorous. (Picture a rabbi dragging his feet with exaggeration while slowly putting the Talmud on the wrong shelf, for example.)

Once the behavior is taught explicitly and modeled, students need multiple opportunities to practice. Students should go through the transition in simulated situations  two or three times, while the educator monitors and provides feedback. And after winter break, when students seem to forget all their routines, transitions can be re-taught as needed.

3.       Build in Pre-corrections

Teachers can provide additional support to solidify student skills with a quick reminder of expected behavior before transitions. This reminder can be withdrawn as needed. Educators should anticipate the challenges of specific students, such as students with Autism, ADHD or anxiety. One way to preempt this difficulty is by providing a two-minute warning and standing near these students to guide them with extra support as their peers model the transition.

4.       Reinforce the Positive

When students are transitioning effectively, tell them! Incentives for appropriate behavior show students that they are in line with your expectations. Not all positive reinforcement needs to be physical, and specific praise can be more powerful than tangible rewards. At the same time, teachers should either ignore or quickly redirect incorrect behavior.

5.       Provide Active Supervision

Monitoring students involves scanning, moving and interacting with students as needed to keep the transition on track. It’s important to avoid performing other tasks or conversing with other adults during these key moments.

A final tip: If students are transitioning from a previous activity and don’t seem ready to enter your teaching space, it’s okay to close your door and tell students they can enter one by one when their body language demonstrates they are ready. They will set examples for one another, and most should be able to transition smoothly. If there are one or two who cannot, a private conversation can take place in the hallway.

 

We all lead. We all follow.

By Holden and Stuart Karon
April 3, 2019

Holden Karon:

In my Torah portion, Aaron and his sons are getting ready to become priests.  Aaron and his sons stay in the Tent of Meeting that was used as a temBoy and male and female teen tutors stand at makeshift bimah with iPadple.  They should not leave the tent while they are getting ready to become priests.  Aaron and his sons stay in the tent for seven days.  

While Aaron and his sons are in the tent, they prayed.  They also apologized for things they had done wrong in the past.  Aaron and his sons only left the tent when they were ready to become priests. 

Priests are leaders.  Priests lead by comforting people.  They can also be leaders by helping people do mitzvot.  I can be a leader, too.  I can be a leader by helping other people.  I can also be a leader by being kind.  Now that I am a Bar-Mitzvah, I look forward to being a leader in the Jewish community.

 

Stuart Karon:

Gateways is a Hebrew school for kids who don’t learn in typical ways. My son, Holden, has been learning at Gateways since we moved to Boston six years ago. In preparation for his bar mitzvah, they sent home a pictorial version of his parsha (Tzav). It’s the first time I’ve seen an abbreviated, kid-friendly story provide more plot and detail than the original, unless you’re looking to brush up on the finer points of animal and grain sacrifices.

In the parsha, Aaron and his sons go into a tent for seven days to prepare to be Jewish leaders. Gateways has been Holden’s tent. They have kids for 90 minutes each Sunday. It took years but this past weekend, Holden finally worked up enough hours to equal one full week in the tent. Three young brothers standing in synagogue with Torah spread in front of them

In his d’var, Holden speaks of being a leader. He won’t run a country, a company or even a committee. He may never hold a job. So how can he be a leader? Jodi and I wouldn’t be here this morning if not for Holden. Holden likes coming to shul, and so Jodi and I have become Shabbat regulars.

The parsha doesn’t give much detail of what Aaron and his sons do in the tent. When we pick up Holden from Gateways, we don’t get a lot of detail about what they did. And like a typical teen, Holden doesn’t tell us much.

Holden is not a detail-oriented kid, but enough details have stuck to give him a general appreciation and enjoyment of Jewish ritual. For him, rituals may be more fun than serious. He lights up when the ark opens and he sees a Torah. He covers his eyes for the Shema and peeks through fingers with a grin as the rest of us recite the prayer.

Enthusiasm inspires others. Holden starts clapping before the pace of the song picks up and the cantor and rabbis encourage us all to clap. If he spies the table with the challah and wine rolling up the ramp, he leads the way to the bima before one of the rabbis calls kids up at the end of the service. We’ve been wondering if he’ll still be welcome to join the kids on the bima now that he’s officially an adult. I’m not sure anyone will be able to dissuade him.

Holden leads in subtle ways, too. We used to live in Vermont. Holden led us to Boston in search of better schools for him. He led Jodi to our synagogue’s inclusion committee. He leads me to the T, as in MBTA. Every time we drive through Newton Center, Holden says “trains” with his iPad, and points and looks eagerly toward Station Street. Luckily the T hasn’t imposed fare hikes for standing on the platform, at least not at our favorite stop where you can see trains come and go for nearly a mile. I may not be as excited by the trains as he is, but an hour under the Station Diner with no agenda offers a break from routine, not unlike being at our synagogue for Shabbat. We should all find such breaks in our busy weeks. If any of you are interested, Holden would be happy to share the platform and show you how exciting trainspotting can be.

Our fellow congregants have heard some of Holden’s iPad-based siddur, and they will hear more. Many people have contributed to his voice. The recordings come from volunteers who work with Holden at Gateways, sit with him at services and live with him. Holden and others like him may not find solutions to global warming or income inequality, but they inspire many people to help others.

We’re surrounded by efforts to include everyone in Jewish life. The ramp up to the bimah, the sound system and wireless hearing-assist devices, the kids’ books and fidget toys that work for adults, too. Our congregation has three rabbis with very different styles, and we have many teens and professionals who make Gateways happen.

Holden may need more help and guidance than a typical person, but we all rely on others. None of us would do too well if we had to produce all our own food, build our own shelter and fabricate all our own clothes using only materials and tools we find or make. Some of us write useful software using tools others wrote to do so. Some of us provide medical, spiritual and legal care, while at times needing a little, too. Some of us cut hair, drive trains and prepare our temple’s hall for the lovely kiddush we enjoy after services. We help and we need help.

Aaron and his sons went to the tent so that they could help others participate in Jewish life. Aaron and his sons wouldn’t have had much to do or to eat if no one had brought sacrifices to the altar.

On his bar mitzvah day, Holden is manning the altar. Consider bringing a goat or sheep as an offering. He’d be thrilled. He’d keep it as a pet instead of sending it up in smoke, but that should be preferable at a Conservative congregation. If a ram or goat from your flock is too much, a friendly “hello” or smile will do.

Including everyone in Jewish life and other aspects of our daily ritual can mean having conversations that don’t come naturally to us. It takes a little effort, but we can all find ways to talk to people like Holden, who can’t speak, and to those who may be independent and typical, but don’t have people with whom to speak. Say “hello”, smile and ask a question that’s outside the routine.

With Holden, keep it simple. Ask if he’s seen any good trains lately. Tell him you saw a big plane fly overhead as you came to shul or that a fire truck passed by your house recently. You’re sure to get a smile, and you’ll have made him and whoever is with him, usually Jodi or me, feel a little more welcome. Then try it with someone else. Let Holden lead us all to make community gatherings a little more friendly.

Category: Profiles

 

Our Spectrum

By Dina Wosk
March 28, 2019

Mother, father and twin 13-year-old boysI have twin 14-year-old sons, Sam and Jack. Jack’s development is typical; Sam’s development began to shift when he was 18 months old. At the time, all the telltale signs were there but we weren’t sure how to read them: Was Sam a late bloomer? Did he need extra time to catch up to his brother? 

We were able to get an appointment with a neuropsychologist, and at the age of 21 months, Sam received an autism spectrum diagnosis. The doctor was able to get us into a school, where he began receiving 30 hours a week of early intervention, and he remains a student there to this day. 

Raising a child with a disability isn’t easy. It can be trying to see one of my twins reach milestones and gain independence, while the other lags behind. It can take a lot to hold back tears through the school plays and sports games, the sleepaway camp drop-offs and sleepovers, when one child can participate and the other isn’t able to be there. Many more milestones are on the horizon, and the differences will be clear: Jack will receive his drivers’ license; Sam will not be ready. Jack will graduate high school and college; but we’re not sure how Sam’s education will play out. I’m looking forward to Jack’s well-deserved achievements; but I know they will sting, as Sam won’t be by his side. 

People who aren’t on the spectrum pick up things intrinsically. But for people on the spectrum it’s incredibly difficult, and it can take them a lot longer to get tasks done.  As a parent, I do a lot of deep breathing, and work on my ability to “roll with it.” We do our best, practice Sam’s routines over and over and tap into our ‘patience bucket.’

Sam is a funny, sweet, kind boy who has an infectious laugh and a smile that melts your heart. He works so hard at school and in his therapies, and you can see that he wants to do things well. But he has communication and social challenges. We celebrate all of his triumphs, large and small. Because when he picks up on something, it’s a natural high. It makes my day. I cheer him on and make sure he understands what an amazing job he did. He may work on something for months or years, but then it’s like, “Holy cow; you got it!”

And that was definitely the case with our twins’ bar mitzvah. One thing my husband and I always wanted was for both our boys to become bar mitzvah, together. Years ago, when we started thinking about the day, we wondered how it would look because we wanted them to share the spotlight. I don’t know how I would have reacted with Jack at the bimah and Sam not.

When I found out about Gateways, it was as if we hit the jackpot. I’m not sure how Sam would have reached this milestone if it wasn’t for everyone at Gateways.  All I knew is that I was adamant about making their b’nei mitzvah happen, because why should Sam have to miss out just because he has autism? I believe that no matter the disability and how profound it may be, becoming a bar/bat mitzvah should be something that every child can do. 

Sam worked hard with Gateways and his team to learn the prayers he was able to recite. We were fortunate to have a wonderful rabbi who understands our family dynamic and supported us, gave us extra rehearsal time and wanted this day to be truly special. He said afterwards that this was a service he’ll never forget. And on our boys’ big day, we had an intimate, family-only service with a huge party that evening. I think everybody shed a tear, except my husband and myself, because we thought, “Why is everybody crying?” It was beautiful day; a great day!  Sam did it. They both did it. It was a home run.

My husband and I never dreamt we would have this family dynamic. Having a child with autism wasn’t “supposed” to be a part of our lives. But I truly believe that things happen for reasons, and there’s an answer and blessing in our experience. We may never figure out the “why”; but there is a purpose. And no matter the situation, I try to look at the world as a “glass half full.” You have to keep in mind what your child can do—not what they can’t—and celebrate them!

Sam continues to make progress with all his objectives and goals and works year-round to achieve them. In the meantime, my husband and I work toward our ultimate goal of having Sam be as independent as possible when he reaches adulthood. He’s working towards that every day. The small moments—such as when he advocates for something, engages in a short conversation or initiates social interactions—are incredibly exciting. But what’s most important is that he’s happy.  His happiness is going to be different than what we may have planned, and that’s okay, because we respect that he’s his own person on his own path.

 This article originally appeared on Jewish Boston.

 

INclusion

By Jodi Wenger
March 7, 2019

Three children on a bimah in front of a Torah

After three years on the Navajo nation and Passovers with the seven other
Jewish people we could find there, we were excited to connect with the Jewish
community in New Hampshire after we moved back East. One year later, we
delivered a boy with special needs. Would there be a place for him? Would he
find a Jewish identity? Could the schools and temple be inclusive? There were no
Hebrew educational options for our son, Holden, and he didn’t enjoy time at the
temple. He often signed “all done” and would stand up and try to leave. The rabbi
was at a loss on how to help us and we didn’t know what to ask for, so we only
sent our two younger sons to Hebrew School. What does inclusion mean if there
are no obvious ways to include him?

When we moved to Newton five years ago, we had no idea if Holden
would find his Jewish identity. Shortly after our arrival, a new acquaintance
recommended we sign up for Gateways: Access to Jewish Education. We found
it to be a well-organized effort with committed and patient Jewish special
education teachers, many adaptive tools and enthusiastic high school volunteers.
They made a very impressive effort, but it just wasn’t obvious to me that they
could teach Holden to feel connected to Judaism. We held off on a Bar Mitzvah
for Holden when he reached thirteen. We opted to wait for a time when this
might be more meaningful for him and for us, or until we could figure out what
that even meant.

Almost on a whim, and after a couple of years of Gateways, my husband
recommended we try taking Holden to Shabbat morning services. I wasn’t sure
this would work and I worried he would just disturb the service, but instead it
was amazing. Despite being non-verbal, Holden loved the service and songs, and
sat patiently through most of the service with a smile on his face. He covered his
eyes and bent forward at the right times. It was such a welcome change. Holden
now seems as excited to go to Shabbat services as he is to watch airplanes at
Castle Island or the T in Newton Centre. Around this time, I emailed our rabbis
to ask if it would be okay for Holden to bring his augmentative communication
device, (an IPad with an app he uses to communicate), to services. Gateways had
helped program it so Holden could participate in the service too. Rabbi Wes said
it would be the holiest IPad and we should definitely bring it. So we did. Now he can “sing” along with prayers, and wish others a Shabbat Shalom. Now is the special time that we had been waiting for.

We are nearing Holden’s Bar Mitzvah. The rabbis suggested we consider a
Havdalah service. It would be a smaller service and Holden wouldn’t need to be the
center of attention. But we opted for a Saturday morning service. It is the one we
usually go to. Holden knows the flow and routine and never hesitates to be the center of attention. He will stand in God’s image and lead services with the use of his iPad.


He will show the congregation how he can be included. He has found his Jewish
identity. We are so grateful and proud.

This article originally appeared in the Temple Emanuel of Newton From the Gates newsletter (March/April 2019).



 

Reading as the Gateway(s) to Learning

By David Farbman, Senior Director of Education, Gateways: Access to Jewish Education
March 5, 2019

I have loved reading ever since I was a small child. Teacher and student readingWhether I’m seeking entertainment, information, or to be challenged, I look forward to reading like almost nothing else. Give me a good book and the time to sit and absorb it, and I am in my happy place.

I suspect that many of you reading this share my passion. But we all know that for many students, reading is distinctly not pleasurable. Indeed, it can be almost intolerably painful because they suffer some form of language-based learning disability (LBLD). The process of transforming symbols on a page into letters and words—the mechanics of reading—or the act of turning words into something with meaning is a perpetual struggle. With that struggle comes frustration and feelings of inadequacy that extend far beyond the classroom. Reading is essential for absorbing and processing information, and those who cannot read fluently are severely hampered from succeeding both in and outside of school.

Imagine the difficulty of a Jewish student who is finding it difficult to read in English and is then expected to learn to also read Hebrew. The barriers to further success are that much higher. In fact, anecdotal evidence indicates that the addition of a second language to the educational program can be a breaking point for many day school students.  Witnessing their child’s struggles, parents justifiably conclude that it is simply impossible for their child to meet the learning expectations of a dual-language curriculum. Rather than watch their child continue to flail, they simply pull him or her from the school.  Another Jewish student is then shut out from the education they are seeking.

The good news is that there are solutions to this challenge. Language-based learning disabilities may slow the acquisition of language and reading skills; but, in most cases, with the right interventions and the support of professionals, children with LBLDs can catch up to their peers. Indeed, here at Gateways we have worked with hundreds of students over the years who have faced and then overcome the challenge of learning both English and Hebrew. Our reading specialists have used reading programs like Orton Gillingham or Wilson for English and Gateways’ own similar multi-sensory curriculum in Hebrew, and have turned reading struggles into reading triumphs.

Gateways has partnered with day schools and congregational schools to help them put in place the curricula and the infrastructure to support struggling readers. We have trained dozens of educators to implement our Hebrew reading program so that they can help students realize the dream of reading a second language. to students. As for broader strategies, our focus has been on early intervention, for so often the key to conquering LBLDs is to work intensively with students in the primary grades. The sooner children can develop reading fluency—a process that intensive interventions can promote—the sooner they will be able to make the switch from “learning to read” to “reading to learn,” and from there they are more likely to meet with success. In order to assist schools in identifying reading struggles early, we at Gateways have promoted the implementation of the Response to Intervention methodology in Jewish day schools. This process involves carefully tracking every student’s reading progress and, then, if and when deficits are noted, intervening immediately.

Throughout all our work with children, with individual educators and with whole schools, our goal is constant: ensuring that every student, no matter his or her learning challenge, can thrive in a robust Jewish educational setting. Because we’ve seen so many students who were once struggling readers come to succeed, we know that the next success story is right around the corner.  And we can’t wait to be there to help that story unfold.